What is Hernia Repair

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The word hernia comes from Latin, and means a rupture. The internal organs of the abdominal cavity are surrounded on all sides by a muscle layer of the abdominal wall. If pressure in the abdominal cavity increases, for example when you lift a heavy object, it is possible that part of the intestine breaks through the muscle layers. When this occurs, a so-called hernia sac protrudes outwards. It is often visible, or can be felt, as a lump under the skin.

Hernias can occur in various parts of the body. The most common types of hernia are inguinal (inner groin), incisional (resulting from an incision), femoral (outer groin), umbilical (belly button), and hiatal (upper stomach).
In an inguinal hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the lower abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area. Two types of inguinal hernias are
•    Indirect inguinal hernias, which are caused by a defect in the abdominal wall that is congenital, or present at birth
•    Direct inguinal hernias, which usually occur only in male adults and are caused by a weakness in the muscles of the abdominal wall that develops over time
A ventral hernia is a bulge of tissues through an opening of weakness within your abdominal wall muscles. It can occur at any location on your abdominal wall. Many are called incisional hernias because they form at the healed site of past surgical incisions. This type is most common in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
A femoral hernia occurs when the intestine enters the canal carrying the femoral artery into the upper thigh. Femoral hernias are most common in women, especially those who are pregnant or obese.
In an umbilical hernia, part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel. Common in newborns, it also commonly afflects obese women or those who have had many children.
A hiatal hernia happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.

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Cause Hernia Repair

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Persistent coughing or sneezing Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time.

Some common causes of muscle weakness or strain that can lead to a hernia include:
•    A congenital condition that occurs during development in the womb and is present from birth
•    Aging
•    Damage from an injury or surgery
•    Chronic coughing or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
•    Strenuous exercise or lifting heavy weights
•    Pregnancy, especially having multiple pregnancies
•    Constipation, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement
•    Being overweight or obese fluid in the abdomen, or ascites

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Symptoms Hernia Repair

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Risk Hernia Repair

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  • Obstruction

    A hernia becomes obstructed when part of your intestine gets stuck in the muscle layer it’s pushing through. An obstructed hernia, if left untreated, can develop into a strangulated hernia

  • Strangulation

    When the abdominal contents protruding through the hernia cannot be gently pushed back in, the hernia is said to be incarcerated or irreducible. This can lead to the blood supply to the intestinal tissue being cut off. When this occurs, the hernia is said to be strangulated. This condition can be life-threatening if it isn’t treated promptly. It requires emergency surgery within a matter of hours to prevent death of the trapped tissue.

Advantage of Laparoscopy Treatment

Advantage of Hernia Repair Treatment over the Traditional Surgical Procedure.

Specifics Hernia Repair Surgery Open Surgery
Cuts And Wounds   No   Yes
Pain   Painless   Painful
Recurrence   No   Yes
Diet Restrictions   No   Yes
Rest After Surgery   Can Resume Work   1-2 Month Rest
Invasive   Minimum   Large

Treatment Hernia Repair

The Most Advanced State Of Art Daycare Surgery Centre In Delhi/NCR.


 A physical exam is usually all that's needed to diagnose a hernia. Physical examination includes patient’s medical history. Doctor may ask you a variety of questions, including things like:
•    When did you first notice the bulge?
•    Have you experienced any other symptoms? Tell me a little bit about your lifestyle. Does your occupation involve heavy lifting? Do you exercise rigorously? Do you have a history of smoking?

•    Do you have a personal or family history of hernias?
•    Have you had any surgeries in the area of your abdomen or groin?
Your doctor will also likely use imaging tests to aid in their diagnosis. These can include things like:
•    abdominal ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the structures inside the body
•    CT scan, which combines X-rays with computer technology to produce an image
•    MRI scan, which uses a combination of strong magnets and radio waves to make an image

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If your hernia is small and isn't bothering too much, then doctor might recommend an antibiotic therapy. Always take your medicine as directed. 

Call the doctor if you think your medicines are not helping or if you feel you are having side effects. 

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Enlarging or painful hernias usually require surgery to relieve discomfort and prevent serious complications. Hernias usually don’t get better on their own. If left untreated, it’s common for a hernia to get bigger and more painful. And the longer you have a hernia, the greater your risk of developing complications. However, surgery is the only way to effectively treat a hernia. There are different types of surgeries available to repair hernias.

Hernias can be repaired with either open or laparoscopic surgery. Not all hernias are suitable for laparoscopic surgery. If your hernia requires an open surgical repair, our surgeon will work with you to determine which type of surgery is best for your condition. During open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision close to the site of the hernia, and then pushes the bulging tissue back into the abdomen. They then sew the area shut, sometimes reinforcing it with surgical mesh. Finally, they close the incision.
Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the hernia using only a few small incisions. It’s also less damaging to the surrounding tissue. At PELVINIC, treatment plan is optimised according to different types of hernia and patients. The treatment plan is discussed with individual patient and explained. Dr. Sandip Banerjee, a laparoscopic hernia repair expert does a variety of hernia repair methods. Laparoscopic surgeries include TAPP, TEP for Inguinal hernia, Laparoscopic Nissens / Toupets Fundoplication for Hiatus hernia problem. For ventral/ umbilical/ incisional hernia the procedure he performs is called as laparoscopic ventral hernioplasty. Choice of mesh is an important factor which determines the efficacy of treatment outcome and overall cost attached to the procedure. Dr Banerjee prefers to use simple polypropylene meshes for inguinal hernia and composite dual meshes for ventral hernia. At Pelvinic, proper devised surgical guidelines help our patients to have highest number of successful results in hernia care. This procedure can be performed under general anaesthetic and is usually performed as a day-stay procedure. Laparoscopic hernia repair has a faster recovery time than the traditional herniorrhaphy. A return to normal activities is usually achieved within one week.

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After your surgery, you may experience pain around the surgical site. Surgeon will prescribe medication to help ease this discomfort while you recover. Depending on the type of surgery you have, an abdominal binder may be worn for up to six weeks or for the full the duration of your recovery.

As you heal, your doctor may let you wear the binder less. Following your hernia repair, you may be unable to move around normally for weeks. You’ll need to avoid any strenuous activity. Additionally, you should avoid lifting heavy objects during this period. Open surgery often requires a longer recovery process than laparoscopic surgery. Your surgeon will let you know when you can return to your normal routine.

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World's most advaned Hernia Repair surgery for Hernia Repair

Pelvic Care specializes in providing the best treatment for Hernia Repair. With our own team of doctors, we deliver personalized care according to your medical needs. Our easy admission to discharge process and State of art infrastructure ensures a hassle free experience.

Why Pelvinic Care for Hernia Repair?

Our team of experts is dedicated to offering excellent care to enhance your quality of life through a holistic healing approach and physical therapy. As a specialised one-stop daycare surgical solution, we take pride in dealing with various types of Proctological ailments with utmost attention and care.

Patient Care

Pelvinic is a specialized, team-based approach to support and care for individuals. We strive to provide a home-like environment and the best treatments for our patients for quick recovery. We offer customized services and personal attention to our patients who come for medical treatment and care. Our patient coordinator will receive reports on your condition and all the necessary information to continue your care following your discharge. Our belief is empowering and motivating you to lead a healthy life. Make the right decision today to become a healthier you tomorrow!


Our team of doctors, surgeons, and other healthcare professionals have been educated, trained and are widely experienced in their particular specialty.With India’s growing population, our doctors have a wider exposure to treating ailments and diseases and therefore are more skilled in providing the right treatments. Our doctors have a vast experience of over 50000 surgeries and are trained in the use of latest diode Laser technology.

Advance Technology

PELVINIC  incorporates the latest technology and medical equipment in patient care that helps the doctors diagnose diseases and treat patients effectively and efficiently.We focus on developing treatment plans as per each patient’s strengths, weaknesses, variety of motions and potential functioning. Our team is equipped with the latest painless techniques that lead to 100% customer satisfaction.


Pelvinic hospital offers the complete range of medical and surgical specialties to treat anal diseases under one roof, with highly experienced doctors, paramedical staff and state-of-the-art infrastructure.Our surgical daycare centre is ranked among the best of the best in Delhi (NCR). As we are the first-ever surgical daycare centre for pelvic disorders, we provide early mobilization, a home-like environment for quick recovery and preoperative investigations for our patients.

What We Do?

From giving OPD appointment to diagnose and prescribe surgery, Preoperative test to day-surgery to recovery stay and postoperative and diet instructions, we ensure to give our best of all to our patients without compromising at any stage of the treatment that too at a very cost-effective rate.

  • We have a dedicated staff to ensure your daycare stay is comfortable and hassle-free. our staff will provide you with all the necessary assistance required such as appointment, priority admission, billing and discharge assistance like detailed summary of the hospitalisation including health problems, examination findings, treatment given and procedures performed.

The contact details of the treating doctor and staff will be shared so that you and your medical practitioner can keep in touch with him/her post procedure.

Our Doctor

Dr. Sandip Banerjee

Consultant Laparoscopic Coloproctologist


With almost 15 years of experience and 5000+ surgeries, Dr. Sandip Banerjee is one of the finest award winning Laparoscopic Colorectal surgeons in Delhi/Ncr for ailments like piles, fistula, anal fissure and anal abscess, pilonidal sinus, anal & rectum cancer. He has particular specialist experience in complex abdominal wall hernias and a general surgical practice including laparoscopic hernia and gallstone surgery, anti-reflux surgery. He is considered to be the best surgeon in South Delhi because of the patients whom he has given a chance to a comfortable life without any pain or worry. He qualified from prestigious BJ Medical College, Pune. He obtained his post-graduation in General Surgery from National Board of examinations (DNB General Surgery). His main clinical interest is Colon and Bowel related diseases and the modern management of haemorrhoids and fistula. He got trained in Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery from world class doctors Dr. Joel Leroy (France) and Dr. A Melany (Brazil) and AIIMS Delhi. With an interest in Gastro Intestinal cancer surgery, Dr Sandip completed two years fellowship in GI oncology under the leadership of Dr Adarsh Chaudhary from premier MEDANTA hospital Gurgaon. He also completed fellowship in Bariatric Surgery after this. He is currently working as a Head Laparoscopic and Colorectal Surgeon in Apollo Spectra, Kailash Colony New Delhi, and also associated with Rainbow Hospital, Fortis Hospital, National Heart Institute, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital Sarita Vihar and several other prime South Delhi Hospitals as a senior visiting consultant. His previous assignments were with MAX Smart Saket, Fortis Gurgaon, and Medanta Gurgaon. He has been awarded as INDIA’S BEST DOCTORS AWARD for the best laparoscopic surgeon in Delhi and Achievers Award by All India Achievers Association    


The Most Advanced State Of Art Daycare Surgery Centre In Delhi/NCR.

Frequently Ask Question

The Most Advanced State Of Art Daycare Surgery Centre In Delhi/NCR.

Can I go up and down stair after a hysterectomy?

You may go up and down stair. You will probably need to climb stairs slowly at first, one leg at the time. As your body heals, this will get easier and easier. No heavy lifting - objects greater than 20 pounds- for six weeks after the surgery.

When mesh is required, is traditional open surgery or minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery better?

This is impossible to answer because every patient is different and every hernia is different. What is right for one patient may not be best for another. For this reason, an individualized approach is key. What our research has shown is that surgeon experience with a particular technique is the most important factor, whether it is laparoscopic or open.

Are there different kinds of mesh? How are they different?

There is a sizable industry devoted to a large array of hernia meshes. Some are made of various plastics; some are made of biologic materials. Some are permanent and some are designed to degrade over time. The most common type of mesh is made of a plastic material and closely resembles a window screen in appearance. Some meshes are also made with protective coatings that allow them to be placed in the abdomen near the abdominal organs.

What are the causes of hernias?

Causes of Hernias.

Most hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or connective tissue. The pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth but more often it occurs later in life. Anything that causes an increase in abdominal pressure can cause a hernia, including obesity, lifting heavy objects, diarrhea or constipation, or persistent coughing or sneezing. Poor nutrition, smoking, and overexertion can weaken muscles and contribute to the likelihood of a hernia.

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