Advanced Treatment for Gallstone by Laparoscopy Specialists
Gall bladder is a small pear-shaped sac like organ in the upper right part of the abdomen. It is located under the liver, just below the front rib cage on the right side. It stores bile temporarily. Bile is synthesized in liver. During empty stomach/fasting, gall bladder gets distended with bile and it empties it when food (especially fatty food) reaches intestine. Due to various reasons like excessive weight (obesity), pregnancy, genetic, infection, prolonged stay in ICU bile gets concentrated and forms Gall Stones.
Gallstones can block the tubes (ducts) through which bile flows from your gallbladder or liver to your small intestine. If the blockage persists, these organs can become inflamed. Inflammation of the gallbladder is called cholecystitis. Inflammation of the pancreas is called pancreatitis. Gall stones are primarily of two types. Cholesterol and pigmented stone.
Cholesterol stones. These are usually yellow-green. They're the most common, making up 80% of gallstones.
Pigment stones. These are smaller and darker. They're made of bilirubin.
Small stones can be asymptomatic initially and at times of gall bladder emptying may slip inside bile duct resulting surgical obstructive jaundice. It is a surgical emergency and may require clearance of bile duct (ERCP) followed by gall bladder removal. Whereas bigger stone causes recurrent mild pain initially and if gets impacted at gall bladder neck may cause moderate to severe pain over upper half of abdomen. Pain due to gall bladder stone may radiate to right upper back side. Gallstones may be asymptomatic, even for years. These gallstones are called “silent stones.
High-fat foods include :
a) Fried foods, like French fries and potato chips.
b) High - fat meats.
c) High -fat dairy products.
e) Foods made with lard or butter.
e) Creamy soups or sauces.
g) Meat gravies.
.a) Difficulty in digesting fat. It may take your body time to adjust to its new method of digesting fat.
b) Diarrhea and flatulence. Indigestion can cause diarrhea and flatulence.
d) Intestinal injury.
e) Jaundice or fever.
There are three main types of gallstones being: Mixed stones ( the most common type). They are made up of cholesterol and salts. Mixed stones tend to develop in batches
Cholesterol stones – made up mainly of cholesterol, a fat-like substance that is crucial to many metabolic processes. Cholesterol stones can grow large enough to block bile ducts
Pigment stones – bile is greenish-brown in colour, due to particular pigments.
Gallstones - made from bile pigment are usually small, but numerous.
Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that stores bile, the fluid that helps digest food. If it’s not working the way it should (or your bile gets out of balance), hard fragments start to form. These can be as small as a grain of rice or as big as a golf ball. Gallstones don’t go away on their own. If they start to hurt or cause other symptoms, your doctor may decide to remove your gallbladder. This type of surgery is called a cholecystectomy. It’s one of the most common surgeries doctors perform. About 80% of people who have gallstones will need surgery.