The word Hernia comes from Latin, and means a rupture. The internal organs of the abdominal cavity are surrounded on all sides by a muscle layer of the abdominal wall. If pressure in the abdominal cavity increases, for example when you lift a heavy object, it is possible that part of the intestine breaks through the muscle layers. When this occurs, a so-called Hernia sac protrudes outwards. It is often visible, or can be felt, as a lump under the skin.
Persistent coughing or sneezing Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on its cause, a Hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time. Some common causes of muscle weakness or strain that can lead to a Hernia include:
Damage from an injury
present from birth
Bulge in the affected area
lump disappears when lying down
Discomfort in area around the lump
Heartburn, trouble swallowing, and chest pain in case of hiatal Hernias
Suddenly gaining weight
Wind and constipation
Hernia feels tender or firm and won’t move back into its original location
Risks If Condition Persists
A Hernia becomes obstructed when part of your intestine gets stuck in the muscle layer it’s pushing through. An obstructed Hernia, if left untreated, can develop into a strangulated Hernia
When the abdominal contents protruding through the Hernia cannot be gently pushed back in, the Hernia is said to be incarcerated or irreducible. This can lead to the blood supply to the intestinal tissue being cut off. When this occurs, the Hernia is said to be strangulated.
About Treatment at Pelvinic
At Pelvinic, we perform a specialised Laparoscopy Treatment for treating Hernia Repair. Here are some advantages of our Laparoscopy Treatment over the Traditional Surgical Procedure.
Our Laparoscopy Treatment is Painless, compared to Open surgery procedure which is painful.
No tissue damage
Our Laparoscopy Treatment cause minimal cuts and wounds compared to Open surgery causes which causes cuts and wounds
No Diet Restrictions
Our Laparoscopy Treatment doesn't cause cuts and wounds compared to Open surgery causes which causes cuts and wounds
Can resume work immediatly
Our Laparoscopy Treatment is minimally invasive compared to open surgery for which its large
No Rest Required
Go back to a normal routine within 2 to 4 days.
Our Team of Dedicated Doctors
Select City :
Dr. Sandip Banerjee
DNB, MNAMS, FACRSI, FMAS, FIAGES, FAIS
Dr. Meenakshi Banerjee
MS, FMAS, MRCOG
Dr Akshat Wahal
MBBS, MS, MCH
Dr Ashutosh Chauhan
MS, DNB (Surg), DNB( Surg Onco), MNAMS
Dr Abhay Singh
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, Gastroenterologist
Dr Saurav Mohan
MBBS, MD (Anaesthesia)
Dr Rahul Bhatt
Dr Sandeep Kumar
Dr. Arnab Mohanty
DNB, FRCS, FMAS
“Dr. Sandip diagnosed my medical Condition clearly and above all, gave the courage and filled me with confidence to go through the surgery.”
Treatment Procedure for Hernia Repair
A physical exam is usually all that's needed to diagnose a Hernia. Physical examination includes patient’s medical history. Doctor may ask you a variety of questions, including things like:
• When did you first notice the bulge?
• Have you experienced any other symptoms? Tell me a little bit about your lifestyle. Does your occupation involve heavy lifting? Do you exercise rigorously? Do you have a history of smoking?
• Do you have a personal or family history of Hernias?
• Have you had any surgeries in the area of your abdomen or groin?
Your doctor will also likely use imaging tests to aid in their diagnosis. These can include things like:
• abdominal ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the structures inside the body
• CT scan, which combines X-rays with computer technology to produce an image
• MRI scan, which uses a combination of strong magnets and radio waves to make an image
If your Hernia is small and isn't bothering too much, then doctor might recommend an antibiotic therapy. Always take your medicine as directed.
Call the doctor if you think your medicines are not helping or if you feel you are having side effects.
Enlarging or painful Hernias usually require surgery to relieve discomfort and prevent serious complications. Hernias usually don’t get better on their own. If left untreated, it’s common for a Hernia to get bigger and more painful. And the longer you have a Hernia, the greater your risk of developing complications. However, surgery is the only way to effectively treat a Hernia. There are different types of surgeries available to repair Hernias.
Hernias can be repaired with either open or laparoscopic surgery. Not all Hernias are suitable for laparoscopic surgery. If your Hernia requires an open surgical repair, our surgeon will work with you to determine which type of surgery is best for your condition. During open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision close to the site of the Hernia, and then pushes the bulging tissue back into the abdomen. They then sew the area shut, sometimes reinforcing it with surgical mesh. Finally, they close the incision.
Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the Hernia using only a few small incisions. It’s also less damaging to the surrounding tissue. At PELVINIC, treatment plan is optimised according to different types of Hernia and patients. The treatment plan is discussed with individual patient and explained. Dr. Sandip Banerjee, a laparoscopic Hernia repair expert does a variety of Hernia repair methods. Laparoscopic surgeries include TAPP, TEP for Inguinal Hernia, Laparoscopic Nissens / Toupets Fundoplication for Hiatus Hernia problem. For ventral/ umbilical/ incisional Hernia the procedure he performs is called as laparoscopic ventral hernioplasty. Choice of mesh is an important factor which determines the efficacy of treatment outcome and overall cost attached to the procedure. Dr Banerjee prefers to use simple polypropylene meshes for inguinal Hernia and composite dual meshes for ventral Hernia. At Pelvinic, proper devised surgical guidelines help our patients to have highest number of successful results in Hernia care. This procedure can be performed under general anaesthetic and is usually performed as a day-stay procedure. Laparoscopic Hernia repair has a faster recovery time than the traditional herniorrhaphy. A return to normal activities is usually achieved within one week.
After your surgery, you may experience pain around the surgical site. Surgeon will prescribe medication to help ease this discomfort while you recover. Depending on the type of surgery you have, an abdominal binder may be worn for up to six weeks or for the full the duration of your recovery.
As you heal, your doctor may let you wear the binder less. Following your Hernia repair, you may be unable to move around normally for weeks. You’ll need to avoid any strenuous activity. Additionally, you should avoid lifting heavy objects during this period. Open surgery often requires a longer recovery process than laparoscopic surgery. Your surgeon will let you know when you can return to your normal routine.
Pelvinic - The Pelvic Floor Clinic, is a proctology specialty center. We offer treatment and cure for diseases in the pelvic area under one roof. Treatment is done by our experienced doctors using latest technologies at a very affordable cost.
We have taken all safety measures to combat Covid-19.
We strive to provide a home-like environment and the best treatments for our patients for quick recovery.
Award Winning Doctors
PELVINIC’s success is recognized by many awards from the various organizations national & international.
We use the latest technology and medical equipment in patient care that helps the doctors diagnose diseases and treat patients effectively and efficiently.
Highly skilled surgeons. Our doctors have a vast experience of over 50000 surgeries.
50% more cost effective than corporate hospitals.
Frequently Asked Questions
Many inguinal hernias can be repaired using a 'closed' or laparoscopic procedure - especially when they are smaller. Laparoscopic repair entails inserting special instruments through tiny incisions in the abdomen through which the surgeon is able to visualize and perform the procedure.
One potentially serious risk of not fixing a hernia is that it can become trapped outside the abdominal wall or incarcerated. This can cut off the blood supply to the hernia and obstruct the bowel, resulting in a strangulated hernia. This requires urgent surgical repair.
Recovery from hernia mesh surger can take four to six weeks. Tips to improve recovery from hernia surgery include resting, exercising, eating healthy and following the Doctor's orders .
Most patient go home the same day.
Though hernia repair surgery is the most common application, it can also be used for reconstructive work, such as in pelvic organ prolapse. Permanent meshes remain in the body, whereas temporary ones dissolve over time.
If your doctor gives you an abdominal binder to wear, use it as directed.
rest when you feel tired.
try to walk each day.
avoid strenuous activities,such as biking, jogging, weight lifting, or aerobic exercise, until your doctor says it is okay.
avoid lifting anything that would make you strain.
Rest when you feel tired.
- you may shower 24 to 48 hours after surgery, if your doctor okays it. Pat the incision dry.
- allow the area heal.
- be active.
- you most likely can return to light activity after 1 to 3 weeks, depending on the type of surgery you had.
Hernia occurs when and organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds in the place. Many hernia occur in the abdomen between your chest and hips, but they can also appear in the upper thigh and groin areas.
Hernia don't go away on their own. Only surgery can repair a hernia. And some people may never need surgery for a small hernia. If the hernia is small and you don't have any symptoms.
All hernias have the potential for trapping abdominal contents, such as intestine,
which is why we typically recommend repair in patients who are acceptable surgical
Not all hernias, though, are the same, and so we often employ a different approach
based on the location of the hernia, such as groin or abdominal wall.
In the case of groin (inguinal) hernias, surgeons in the recent past advocated for
"watchful waiting" for hernias that were not particularly bothersome.
However, based on newer research, we now know that a large percentage of these
hernias will later become bothersome and require repair, possibly emergent, and
therefore we advocate for repair.
Groin hernias are somewhat more likely to develop on both sides. This is probably
because the structural elements develop symmetrically, and the stresses on the body
that occur over time are similar on both sides. When a patient becomes aware of a groin
swelling on one side, examination by a doctor will often identify a small hernia on the
Most of the factors that lead to the development of hernias are beyond the control of
the individual. Some of those factors are inherited and develop as the individual grows.
The arrangement of the local tissues and their thickness and strength may
greatly affect the relative risk of developing a hernia over a lifetime. However, that risk
can be increased by failure to use good body mechanics when lifting, poor abdominal
support posture, smoking and weight-control problems.