What is Ovarian Cyst

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Ovarian cysts are closed, sac-like structures within the ovary or on its surface that are filled with a liquid or semisolid substance.

Women have two ovaries, each about the size and shape of an almond on each side of the uterus.

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Cause Ovarian Cyst

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Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of your menstrual cycle (functional cysts). Other types of cysts are much less common.
During a woman's menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac called a follicle. This sac is located inside the ovaries. In most cases, this follicle or sac breaks open and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn't break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary. 

Follicle sacs typically dissolve after releasing an egg. But if the sac doesn’t dissolve and the opening of the follicle seals, additional fluid can develop inside the sac, and this accumulation of fluid causes a corpus luteum cyst.
Other types of ovarian cysts include:
Dermoid cysts: sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue
Cystadenomas: noncancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries
Endometriomas: tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst
Some women develop a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. It can cause the ovaries to enlarge. If left untreated, polycystic ovaries can cause infertility.

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Symptoms Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts may not cause signs or symptoms. Larger cysts are more likely to cause signs and symptoms such as:

Risk Ovarian Cyst

Your risk of developing an ovarian cyst is heightened by:

  • Hormonal problems


    These include taking the fertility drug clomiphene (Clomid), which is used to cause you to ovulate.

  • Pregnancy


    Sometimes, the cyst that forms when you ovulate stays on your ovary throughout your pregnancy.

  • Endometriosis


    This condition causes uterine endometrial cells to grow outside your uterus. Some of the tissue can attach to your ovary and form a growth.

  • A severe pelvic infection


    If the infection spreads to the ovaries, it can cause cysts.

  • A previous ovarian cyst


    If you've had one, you're likely to develop more.

Advantage of hysteroscopy Treatment

Advantage of Ovarian Cyst Treatment over the Traditional Surgical Procedure.

Specifics Ovarian Cyst Surgery Open Surgery
Cuts And Wounds   No   Yes
Pain   Painless   Painful
Recurrence   No   Yes
Diet Restrictions   No   Yes
Rest After Surgery   Can Resume Work   1-2 Month Rest
Invasive   Minimum   Large

Treatment Ovarian Cyst

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Diagnosis

A cyst on your ovary can be found during a pelvic exam. Doctor will recommend tests to determine its type and whether you need treatment. Possible tests include:
•    Pelvic ultrasound- A wandlike device (transducer) sends and receives high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to create an image of your uterus and ovaries on a video screen. Your doctor analyzes the image to confirm the presence of a cyst, help identify its location and determine whether it's solid, filled with fluid or mixed.

•    Laparoscopy- Using a laparoscope — a slim, lighted instrument inserted into your abdomen through a small incision — your doctor can see your ovaries and remove the ovarian cyst. This is a surgical procedure that requires anesthesia.
•    CA 125 blood test - Blood levels of a protein called cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) often are elevated in women with ovarian cancer. If your cyst is partially solid and you're at high risk of ovarian cancer, your doctor might order this test.

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Medicine

Treatment depends on your age, the type and size of your cyst, and your symptoms. Doctor might recommend hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills, to keep ovarian cysts from recurring.

However, birth control pills won't shrink an existing cyst.

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Surgery

Any type of ovarian mass, including a cyst, can be surgically removed either with laparoscopy, or if needed, an open abdominal incision (laparotomy) if it is causing severe pain, not resolving, or if it is suspicious in any way.
•    Open surgery
•    Laparoscopic surgery

Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive technique. In laparoscopic method, only the ovarian cyst is removed by preserving the ovarian tissue or ovaries. The laparoscopic method is also helpful in the confirmation of presence of ovarian cysts.
•    The patient will be subjected to general anesthesia or local anesthesia for sedation.
•    The surgeon will make three or four small incisions in the abdomen to insert laparoscope and other surgical instruments to remove the cysts.
•    The cyst is separated from the healthy ovarian tissue and removed. It the cyst involves the whole ovary. It may not be possible to separate the cyst alone, necessitating the removal of the ovary. Sometimes, if a cyst cannot be removed completely then either partial removal or aspiration is done.
•    After the completion of the procedure, the incisions are sewed with dissolvable stitches and the growth is sent to a pathologist who examines the tissue under a microscope to make the final diagnosis as to the type of cyst present.
Open Surgery 
If the laparoscopic removal is not possible due to adhesions or other problems encountered during the surgery like - if the cyst is very large or if there is a suspicion of cancer, an open surgery will have to be performed. If a cystic mass is cancerous, you might need to have your uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes removed (total hysterectomy) and possibly chemotherapy or radiation. 

Advantages of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy:
•    Shorter stay in the hospital
•    Recovery is very fast
•    Pain and discomfort after the surgery is very less
•    Less risk of infections
•    Fewer side effects.
 

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Aftercare

After the ovarian cyst has been removed, you'll feel pain in your tummy, although this should improve in a few days. Refrain from performing strenuous activities such as heavy lifting in gym or sports.

Do not lift anything that weighs more than 5 kgs. for 2- 4 weeks post-surgery. After a laparoscopy or a laparotomy, it may take as long as 2- 4 weeks before you can resume normal activities. If the cyst is sent off for testing, the results should come back in a few weeks and your consultant will discuss with you whether you need any further treatment. Contact Doctor if you notice the following symptoms during your recovery:
•    heavy bleeding
•    severe pain or swelling in your abdomen
•    a high temperature (fever)
•    dark or smelly vaginal discharge
These symptoms may indicate an infection.

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World's most advaned Ovarian Cyst surgery for Ovarian Cyst

Pelvic Care specializes in providing the best treatment for Ovarian Cyst. With our own team of doctors, we deliver personalized care according to your medical needs. Our easy admission to discharge process and State of art infrastructure ensures a hassle free experience.

Why Pelvinic Care for Ovarian Cyst?

Our team of experts is dedicated to offering excellent care to enhance your quality of life through a holistic healing approach and physical therapy. As a specialised one-stop daycare surgical solution, we take pride in dealing with various types of Proctological ailments with utmost attention and care.

Patient Care

Pelvinic is a specialized, team-based approach to support and care for individuals. We strive to provide a home-like environment and the best treatments for our patients for quick recovery. We offer customized services and personal attention to our patients who come for medical treatment and care. Our patient coordinator will receive reports on your condition and all the necessary information to continue your care following your discharge. Our belief is empowering and motivating you to lead a healthy life. Make the right decision today to become a healthier you tomorrow!

Experience

Our team of doctors, surgeons, and other healthcare professionals have been educated, trained and are widely experienced in their particular specialty.With India’s growing population, our doctors have a wider exposure to treating ailments and diseases and therefore are more skilled in providing the right treatments. Our doctors have a vast experience of over 50000 surgeries and are trained in the use of latest diode Laser technology.

Advance Technology

PELVINIC  incorporates the latest technology and medical equipment in patient care that helps the doctors diagnose diseases and treat patients effectively and efficiently.We focus on developing treatment plans as per each patient’s strengths, weaknesses, variety of motions and potential functioning. Our team is equipped with the latest painless techniques that lead to 100% customer satisfaction.

Facilities

Pelvinic hospital offers the complete range of medical and surgical specialties to treat anal diseases under one roof, with highly experienced doctors, paramedical staff and state-of-the-art infrastructure.Our surgical daycare centre is ranked among the best of the best in Delhi (NCR). As we are the first-ever surgical daycare centre for pelvic disorders, we provide early mobilization, a home-like environment for quick recovery and preoperative investigations for our patients.

What We Do?

From giving OPD appointment to diagnose and prescribe surgery, Preoperative test to day-surgery to recovery stay and postoperative and diet instructions, we ensure to give our best of all to our patients without compromising at any stage of the treatment that too at a very cost-effective rate.
•    We have a dedicated staff to ensure your daycare stay is comfortable and hassle-free. our staff will provide you with all the necessary assistance required such as appointment, priority admission, billing and discharge assistance like detailed summary of the hospitalisation including health problems, examination findings, treatment given and procedures performed.
•    The contact details of the treating doctor and staff will be shared so that you and your medical practitioner can keep in touch with him/her post procedure.

Our Doctor

Dr. Meenakshi Banerjee

MS, FMAS, MRCOG

She is a senior consultant Obs & Gynaecologist with around 15 years of experience in reproductive healthcare services. With a keen interest in Laparoscopy and Minimal Invasive Surgery in operative gynaecology, Dr. Meenakshi went on getting trained in Laparoscopic skills from numerous institutes and from eminent Laparoscopic surgeons in India. She is very well versed with advanced Gynaecological surgeries like Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy, Laparoscopic Uterine prolapse surgeries, Laparoscopic Vaginoplasty and other pelvic surgeries. Dr Meenakshi is also an expert in Minimal Invasive uteroscopic techniques called Hysteroscopy and Colposcopy. She has trained numerous young aspirants in Hysteroscopy techniques and is a firm believer of the fact that if one knows good Hysteroscopy techniques then numerous uterus removal surgeries can be prevented. Based on her dedication and skill set, she was awarded with Fellowship in Minimal Invasive Surgery (FMAS) from Association of Minimal Invasive Surgeons of India (AMASI). With so many years of experience in Laparoscopic Gynaecological surgery, Dr Meenakshi has participated as speaker in AICC RCOG. Dr. Meenakshi is also the select Member of Advisory Board in Johnson & Johnson division of Female healthcare for Post Pregnancy Perineal repair techniques. Her passion for excellence and compassion translate her care into high-quality care.

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Patient Testimonial

The Most Advanced State Of Art Daycare Surgery Centre In Delhi/NCR.

Mrs Saranya Veeramuthu

Ghazibad

Mrs Saranya Veeramuthu, 20 years, married with previous bad obstretics history is a happy patient of Dr Meenakshi Banerjee, a specialised Obstretician dealing with High risk Obstretics and Infertility cases.

Mrs Bharadwajt

Lucknow

Mrs Bharadwaj, a Sarpanch by profession and a face of modern women power, smiling after being successfully treated by Dr Meenakshi Banerjee for her uterine premalignant condition. She underwent Laparoscopic surgery and resumed her busy schedule within week of surgery.

Dr Renuka

New Delhi

Dr Renuka, a Dentist by profession was having problems in having baby owing to large uterine fibroid. She consulted Dr Meenakshi and taking her treatment helped her become a proud mother of a sweet little kid. She not only got the benefits of normal delivery but also chose to become a member of proud Pelvinic family.

Frequently Ask Question

TThe Most Advanced State Of Art Daycare Surgery Centre In Delhi/NCR.

What if you are pregnant and your ultrasound shows that you have an ovarian cyst?

Well, ovarian cysts are often found on ultrasound scan during early pregnancy. Most of these disappear by 14-16 weeks of pregnancy. If the cyst is large or complex, you may be offered further scans during pregnancy and after your baby is born. An operation to remove the cyst during pregnancy would only be recommended if you  have pain thought to be due to the cyst or very  rarely, if cancer is suspected.

Is there any role of combined oral contraceptive pills?

Taking combined oral contraceptive pills will not help a simple cyst disappear although taking the pill may stop further cyst developing in the future.

Does surgery for an ovarian cyst mean removal of the whole ovary?

The ovaries produce important hormones before menopause and therefore in most cases only the cyst is removed preserving the ovary. This is known as cystectomy. However, there are circumstances where one or both the ovaries may have to be removed. Example, if the cyst is very large and replaced the whole ovary, or the cyst has twisted so much that the blood supply has been completely cut off, or, rarely, if there is a suspicion of cancer.  Your surgeon may not know what surgery is to be done till the surgery begins.

What are treatment options?

Depending on the symptoms, your age, size and type of the cyst and desire for further child bearing, your doctor may either treat you conservatively or suggest surgery. Surgery is done either by laparoscopy (keyhole) or laparotomy (open surgery) Laparotomy is usually recommended if the cyst is very large or rarely if there is a suspicion of cancer. Your gynecologist will discuss these procedures with you and advice you which procedure is best for your situation.
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